Dose-dependent recruitment of CD25(+) and CD26(+) T cells in a novel F344 rat model of asthma
Skripuletz, T; Schmiedl, A; Schade, J; Bedoui, S; Glaab, T; Pabst, R; von Horsten, S; Stephan, M
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LUNG CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY
The ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway inflammation in rats is a commonly used model to explore the pathobiology of asthma. However, its susceptibility varies greatly between rat strains, and presently Brown Norway (BN) rats are preferentially used. Since recruitment of T cells to the lungs depends on the CD26 (dipeptidyl peptidase IV, DPPIV) expression, Fischer 344 strain (F344) rats are a highly relevant rat strain, in particular because CD26-deficient substrains are available. To establish a F344 rat model of asthma, we challenged F344 rats using different doses of aerosolized antigen (0%, 1%, 2.5%, 5%, and 7.5% OVA) and compared these effects with intratracheal instillation of OVA (1.5 mg/0.3 ml). Asthmoid responsiveness was determined by analysis of early airway responsiveness (EAR), antigen-specific IgE levels, as well as airway inflammation including the composition of T cell subpopulations in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and lung tissue with special respect to the T cell activation markers CD25 and CD26. Even low allergen doses caused allergen-specific EAR and increases of antigen-specific IgE levels. However, EAR and IgE levels did not increase dose dependently. Higher concentrations of OVA led to a dose-dependent increase of several immunological markers of allergic asthma including an influx of eosinophils, T cells, and dendritic cells. Interestingly, a dose-dependent increase of CD4(+)/CD25(+)/CD26(+) T cells was found in the lungs. Summarizing, we established a novel F344 rat model of aerosolized OVA-induced asthma. Thereby, we found a dose-dependent recruitment of cellular markers of allergic asthma including the activated CD4(+)/CD25(+)/CD26(+) T cell subpopulation, which has not been described in asthma yet.