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Bim, Bad and Bmf: intrinsically unstructured BH3-only proteins that undergo a localized conformational change upon binding to prosurvival Bcl-2 targets


Hinds, MG; Smits, C; Fredericks-Short, R; Risk, JM; Bailey, M; Huang, DCS; Day, CL
2007-01
CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION
Journal Article
14
1
128-136
All BH3-only proteins, key initiators of programmed cell death, interact tightly with multiple binding partners and have sequences of low complexity, properties that are the hallmark of intrinsically unstructured proteins (IUPs). We show, using spectroscopic methods, that the BH3-only proteins Bim, Bad and Bmf are unstructured in the absence of binding partners. Detailed sequence analyses are consistent with this observation and suggest that most BH3-only proteins are unstructured. When Bim binds and inactivates prosurvival proteins, most residues remain disordered, only the BH3 element becomes structured, and the short alpha-helical molecular recognition element can be considered to behave as a 'bead on a string'. Coupled folding and binding is typical of many IUPs that have important signaling roles, such as BH3-only proteins, as the inherent structural plasticity favors interaction with multiple targets. This understanding offers promise for the development of BH3 mimetics, as multiple modes of binding are tolerated.
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
DYNEIN LIGHT-CHAIN; FAMILY-MEMBER BIM; DISORDERED PROTEINS; PEPTIDE COMPLEX; STRUCTURAL PROTEOMICS; UNFOLDED PROTEINS; RECOGNITION; APOPTOSIS; LIGANDS; PHOSPHORYLATION
10.1038/sj.odd.4401934
Refer to copyright notice on published article.

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Creation Date 2007-01-01 12:00:00