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Serum- and Stromal Cell-Free Hypoxic Generation of Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Hematopoietic Cells In Vitro, Capable of Multilineage Repopulation of Immunocompetent Mice


Lesinski, DA; Heinz, N; Pilat-Carotta, S; Rudolph, C; Jacobs, R; Schlegelberger, B; Klump, H; Schiedlmeier, B
2012-08
STEM CELLS TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE
Journal Article
1
8
581-591
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) may become a promising source for the generation of patient-specific hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in vitro. A crucial prerequisite will be the availability of reliable protocols for the directed and efficient differentiation toward HSCs. So far, the most robust strategy for generating HSCs from pluripotent cells in vitro has been established in the mouse model involving ectopic expression of the human transcription factor HOXB4. However, most differentiation protocols include coculture on a xenogenic stroma cell line and the use of animal serum. Involvement of any of both would pose a major barrier to the translation of those protocols to human autologous iPSCs intended for clinical use. Therefore, we asked whether long-term repopulating HSCs can, in principle, be generated from embryonic stem cells without stroma cells or serum. Here, we showed that long-term multilineage engraftment could be accomplished in immunocompetent mice when HSCs were generated in serum-free medium without stroma cell support and when hypoxic conditions were used. Under those conditions, HOXB4(+) embryonic stem cell-derived hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells were immunophenotypically similar to definitive bone marrow resident E-SLAM(+) (CD150(+)CD48(-)CD45(+)CD201(+)) HSCs. Thus, our findings may ease the development of definitive, adult-type HSCs from pluripotent stem cells, entirely in vitro. STEM CELLS TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE 2012;1:581-591
ALPHAMED PRESS
DEFINITIVE HEMATOPOIESIS; YOLK-SAC; HAEMOGENIC ENDOTHELIUM; PROGENITOR CELLS; BLOOD; DIFFERENTIATION; HOXB4; LINE; SPECIFICATION; MAINTENANCE
Cancer and Haematology
10.5966/sctm.2012-0020
Copyright © 2013 by AlphaMed Press

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Creation Date 2012-08-01 12:00:00