The regulation of the development and function of dendritic cell subsets by GM-CSF: More than a hematopoietic growth factor
Zhan, YF; Xu, YK; Lew, AM
Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that functions as a hematopoietic growth factor for the generation of white blood cells and is used clinically to stimulate hematopoiesis following chemotherapy. Apart from stimulating production of granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages, GM-CSF has also long been used for in vitro survival/generation of dendritic cells (DCs) from monocytes and bone marrow cells. Evidence has emerged pointing to an additional role for GM-CSF in regulating the function and differential development of several DC subsets. These newly ascribed functions of GM-CSF may underscore its importance in immunity against pathogens as well as initiating/mediating immunopathology in chronic inflammation. Here we summarize recent advances on the role of GM-CSF in regulating the development and function of DC subsets and discuss the biological significance of these new findings. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.