Rac2-deficient mice display perturbed T-cell distribution and chemotaxis, but only minor abnormalities in T(H)1 responses
Croker, BA; Handman, E; Hayball, JD; Baldwin, TM; Voigt, V; Cluse, LA; Yang, FC; Williams, DA; Roberts, AW
IMMUNOLOGY AND CELL BIOLOGY
The haematopoietic-specific RhoGTPase, Rac2, has been indirectly implicated in T-lymphocyte development and function, and as a pivotal regulator of T Helper 1 (T(H)1) responses. In other haematopoietic cells it regulates cytoskeletal rearrangement downstream of extracellular signals. Here we demonstrate that Rac2 deficiency results in an abnormal distribution of T lymphocytes in vivo and defects in T-lymphocyte migration and filamentous actin generation in response to chemoattractants in vitro . To investigate the requirement for Rac2 in IFN-gamma production and T(H)1 responses in vivo , Rac2-deficient mice were challenged with Leishmania major and immunized with ovalbumin-expressing cytomegalovirus. Despite a minor skewing towards a T(H)2 phenotype, Rac2-deficient mice displayed no increased susceptibility to L. major infection. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses to cytomegalovirus and ovalbumin were also normal. Although Rac2 is required for normal T-lymphocyte migration, its role in the generation of T(H)1 responses to infection in vivo is largely redundant.