Interferon regulatory factor 1 is induced by interferon-gamma equally in neurons and glial cells
Thomas, HE; Dutton, R; Bartlett, PF; Kay, TWH
JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY
Class I MHC protein is induced in glia but not mature neurons by IFN-gamma. We have compared IFN-gamma signal transduction in these populations. There were identical levels of STAT1 homodimers and IRF-1 by gel-shift and IRF-1 mRNA was induced equally. However class I MHC, beta 2-microglobulin and interleukin 1-beta converting enzyme mRNA levels were greatly reduced in neurons. These experiments show that there is no defect in expression of IRF-1 in response to IFN-gamma in mature mouse neurons but that insufficient class I MHC gene expression is induced for detectable cell surface protein expression. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.