Type 1 diabetes is caused by death of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Beta-cell apoptosis induced by FasL may be important in type 1 diabetes in humans and in the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model. Deficiency of the pro-apoptotic BH3-only molecule Bid protects beta cells from FasL-induced apoptosis in vitro. We aimed to test the requirement for Bid, and the significance of Bid-dependent FasL-induced beta-cell apoptosis in type 1 diabetes. We backcrossed Bid-deficient mice, produced by homologous recombination and thus without transgene overexpression, onto a NOD genetic background. Genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism analysis demonstrated that diabetes-related genetic regions were NOD genotype. Transferred beta cell antigen-specific CD8+ T cells proliferated normally in the pancreatic lymph nodes of Bid-deficient mice. Moreover, Bid-deficient NOD mice developed type 1 diabetes and insulitis similarly to wildtype NOD mice. Our data indicate that beta-cell apoptosis in type 1 diabetes can proceed without Fas-induced killing mediated by the BH3-only protein Bid.