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Performance of serum lipocalin 2 as a diagnostic marker for colorectal cancer


Fung, KY; Priebe, I; Purins, L; Tabor, B; Brierley, GV; Lockett, T; Nice, E; Gibbs, P; Tie, J; McMurrick, P; Moore, J; Ruszkiewicz, A; Burgess, A; Cosgrove, LJ
2013-07
Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers
Journal Article
13
2
75-9
BACKGROUND: Lipocalin 2 has been implicated in colorectal tumorigenesis but its usefulness as a diagnostic marker for the disease has previously never been determined. METHODS: We have used ELISA immunoassay to measure the level of serum lipocalin 2 in a cohort consisting of colorectal cancer patients (n=196) and age/gender matched controls (n=99). RESULTS: The median concentration of lipocalin 2 was found to be significantly higher (p< 0.0001) in the patient group (105.9 ng/mL, range 10.8-444.7 ng/mL) when compared to the control subjects (86.4 ng/mL, range 17.1-190.0 ng/mL). Additionally, no significant difference was observed between disease stage (Dukes' or T stage) in the patient cohort. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine its performance as a diagnostic marker. The area under the curve was found to be 0.641 (95% confidence interval 0.576-0.706). Furthermore, the sensitivity of lipocalin 2 was found to be 24% at 90% specificity. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that lipocalin 2 is not a suitable serum biomarker for the diagnosis of CRC.
IOS Press
Colorectal cancer, biomarker, blood, diagnosis, lipocalin 2
Structural Biology
10.3233/CBM-130335
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Creation Date 2014-02-27 01:08:05