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Discovery by proteogenomics and characterization of an RF-amide neuropeptide from cone snail venom


Robinson, SD; Safavi-Hemami, H; Raghuraman, S; Imperial, JS; Papenfuss, AT; Teichert, RW; Purcell, AW; Olivera, BM; Norton, RS
2014-11-15
J Proteomics
Journal Article
114
38-47
In this study, a proteogenomic annotation strategy was used to identify a novel bioactive peptide from the venom of the predatory marine snail Conus victoriae. The peptide, conorfamide-Vc1 (CNF-Vc1), defines a new gene family. The encoded mature peptide was unusual for conotoxins in that it was cysteine-free and, despite low overall sequence similarity, contained two short motifs common to known neuropeptides/hormones. One of these was the C-terminal RF-amide motif, commonly observed in neuropeptides from a range of organisms, including humans. The mature venom peptide was synthesized and characterized structurally and functionally. The peptide was bioactive upon injection into mice, and calcium imaging of mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells revealed that the peptide elicits an increase in intracellular calcium levels in a subset of DRG neurons. Unusually for most Conus venom peptides, it also elicited an increase in intracellular calcium levels in a subset of non-neuronal cells. BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings illustrate the utility of proteogenomics for the discovery of novel, functionally relevant genes and their products. CNF-Vc1 should be useful for understanding the physiological role of RF-amide peptides in the molluscan and mammalian nervous systems.
Elsevier
Bioinformatics
10.1016/j.jprot.2014.11.003
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Creation Date 2015-01-22 02:19:19 Last Modified 2015-01-22 02:22:32