A conserved alphabeta transmembrane interface forms the core of a compact T-cell receptor-CD3 structure within the membrane
Krshnan, L; Park, S; Im, W; Call, MJ; Call, ME
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
The T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) is an assembly of eight type I single-pass membrane proteins that occupies a central position in adaptive immunity. Many TCR-triggering models invoke an alteration in receptor complex structure as the initiating event, but both the precise subunit organization and the pathway by which ligand-induced alterations are transferred to the cytoplasmic signaling domains are unknown. Here, we show that the receptor complex transmembrane (TM) domains form an intimately associated eight-helix bundle organized by a specific interhelical TCR TM interface. The salient features of this core structure are absolutely conserved between alphabeta and gammadelta TCR sequences and throughout vertebrate evolution, and mutations at key interface residues caused defects in the formation of stable TCRalphabeta:CD3deltaepsilon:CD3gammaepsilon:zetazeta complexes. These findings demonstrate that the eight TCR-CD3 subunits form a compact and precisely organized structure within the membrane and provide a structural basis for further investigation of conformationally regulated models of transbilayer TCR signaling.