The A-chain of insulin is a hot-spot for CD4(+) T cell epitopes in human type 1 diabetes
- Mannering, SI; Pang, SH; Williamson, NA; Naselli, G; Reynolds, EC; O'Brien-Simpson, NM; Purcell, AW; Harrison, LC;
Publication Year 2009-05, Volume 156, Issue #2, Page 226-231
- Journal Title
- CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY
- Publication Type
- Journal Article
- Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is caused by T cell-mediated destruction of the pancreatic insulin-producing beta cells. While the role of CD4(+) T cells in the pathogenesis of T1D is accepted widely, the epitopes recognized by pathogenic human CD4(+) T cells remain poorly defined. None the less, responses to the N-terminal region of the insulin A-chain have been described. Human CD4(+) T cells from the pancreatic lymph nodes of subjects with T1D respond to the first 15 amino acids of the insulin A-chain. We identified a human leucocyte antigen-DR4-restricted epitope comprising the first 13 amino acids of the insulin A-chain (A1-13), dependent upon generation of a vicinal disulphide bond between adjacent cysteines (A6-A7). Here we describe the analysis of a CD4(+) T cell clone, isolated from a subject with T1D, which recognizes a new HLR-DR4-restricted epitope (KRGIVEQCCTSICS) that overlaps the insulin A1-13 epitope. This is a novel epitope, because the clone responds to proinsulin but not to insulin, T cell recognition requires the last two residues of the C-peptide (Lys, Arg) and recognition does not depend upon a vicinal disulphide bond between the A6 and A7 cysteines. The finding of a further CD4(+) T cell epitope in the N-terminal A-chain region of human insulin underscores the importance of this region as a target of CD4(+) T cell responses in human T1D.
- PROINSULIN; AUTOANTIGEN; MICE; RESPONSES; MELLITUS; ONSET
- Publisher's Version
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Creation Date: 2009-05-01 12:00:00Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00