Sensitization of BCL-2-expressing breast tumors to chemotherapy by the BH3 mimetic ABT-737
Details
Publication Year 2012-02-21, Volume 109, Issue #8, Page 2766-2771
Journal Title
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Overexpression of the prosurvival protein BCL-2 is common in breast cancer. Here we have explored its role as a potential therapeutic target in this disease. BCL-2, its anti-apoptotic relatives MCL-1 and BCL-XL, and the proapoptotic BH3-only ligand BIM were found to be coexpressed at relatively high levels in a substantial proportion of heterogeneous breast tumors, including clinically aggressive basal-like cancers. To determine whether the BH3 mimetic ABT-737 that neutralizes BCL-2, BCL-XL, and BCL-W had potential efficacy in targeting BCL-2-expressing basal-like triple-negative tumors, we generated a panel of primary breast tumor xenografts in immunocompromised mice and treated recipients with either ABT-737, docetaxel, or a combination. Tumor response and overall survival were significantly improved by combination therapy, but only for tumor xenografts that expressed elevated levels of BCL-2. Treatment with ABT-737 alone was ineffective, suggesting that ABT-737 sensitizes the tumor cells to docetaxel. Combination therapy was accompanied by a marked increase in apoptosis and dissociation of BIM from BCL-2. Notably, BH3 mimetics also appeared effective in BCL-2-expressing xenograft lines that harbored p53 mutations. Our findings provide in vivo evidence that BH3 mimetics can be used to sensitize primary breast tumors to chemotherapy and further suggest that elevated BCL-2 expression constitutes a predictive response marker in breast cancer.
Publisher
NATL ACAD SCIENCES
Keywords
CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC-LEUKEMIA; BCL-2 FAMILY; PROGNOSTIC MARKER; CYTOTOXIC CHEMOTHERAPY; CANCER CELLS; INHIBITOR; RESISTANCE; PROTEINS; SUBTYPES; SENSITIVITY
WEHI Research Division(s)
Molecular Genetics Of Cancer; Chemical Biology; Stem Cells And Cancer; Molecular Medicine; Bioinformatics
Rights Notice
Copyright © 2013 National Academy of Sciences.


Creation Date: 2012-02-21 12:00:00
Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00
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