Functional analysis of Plasmodium falciparum apical membrane antigen 1 utilizing interspecies domains
Publication Year 2005-04, Volume 73, Issue #4, Page 2444-2451
- Journal Title
- INFECTION AND IMMUNITY
- Publication Type
- Journal Article
- Plasmodium falciparum apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) is a leading malaria vaccine candidate whose function has not been unequivocally defined. Partial complementation of function can be achieved by exchanging the AMA1 of P.falciparum (PfAMA1) with that of P. chabaudi (PcAMA1). In this study, parasites expressing chimeric AMA1 proteins were created to identify domains of PfAMA1 critical in erythrocyte invasion and which are important immune targets. We report that specific chimeric AMA1 proteins containing domains I to III from PfAMA1 and PcAMA1 were able to complement PfAMA1 function in erythrocyte invasion. We demonstrate that domain III does not contain dominant epitope targets of antibodies raised against Escherichia coli expressed and refolded PfAMA1 ectodomain. Furthermore, we generated a parasite line in which the N-terminal pro region of PfAMA1 does not undergo proteolytic cleavage and show that its removal is necessary for PfAMA1 function.
- AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
- ANTIBODY-MEDIATED INHIBITION; MALARIA VACCINE CANDIDATE; BLOOD-STAGE MALARIA; ERYTHROCYTE INVASION; MEROZOITES; AMA-1; GENE; EXPRESSION; PROTECTION; INDUCTION
- Publisher's Version
- Rights Notice
- Refer to copyright notice on published article.
Creation Date: 2005-04-01 12:00:00Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00