Genomic analysis of local variation and recent evolution in Plasmodium vivax
Details
Publication Year 2016-06-27, Volume 48, Issue #8, Page 959-64
Journal Title
Nat Genet
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
The widespread distribution and relapsing nature of Plasmodium vivax infection present major challenges for the elimination of malaria. To characterize the genetic diversity of this parasite in individual infections and across the population, we performed deep genome sequencing of >200 clinical samples collected across the Asia-Pacific region and analyzed data on >300,000 SNPs and nine regions of the genome with large copy number variations. Individual infections showed complex patterns of genetic structure, with variation not only in the number of dominant clones but also in their level of relatedness and inbreeding. At the population level, we observed strong signals of recent evolutionary selection both in known drug resistance genes and at new loci, and these varied markedly between geographical locations. These findings demonstrate a dynamic landscape of local evolutionary adaptation in the parasite population and provide a foundation for genomic surveillance to guide effective strategies for control and elimination of P. vivax.
Publisher
NPG
WEHI Research Division(s)
Population Health And Immunity
PubMed ID
27348299
Publisher's Version
https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3599
Rights Notice
Refer to copyright notice on published article.


Creation Date: 2016-08-09 12:01:48
Last Modified: 2017-09-11 11:52:33
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