Physiological restraint of Bak by Bcl-xL is essential for cell survival
Details
Publication Year 2016-05-15, Volume 30, Issue #10, Page 1240-50
Journal Title
Genes Dev
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Due to the myriad interactions between prosurvival and proapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins, establishing the mechanisms that regulate the intrinsic apoptotic pathway has proven challenging. Mechanistic insights have primarily been gleaned from in vitro studies because genetic approaches in mammals that produce unambiguous data are difficult to design. Here we describe a mutation in mouse and human Bak that specifically disrupts its interaction with the prosurvival protein Bcl-xL Substitution of Glu75 in mBak (hBAK Q77) for leucine does not affect the three-dimensional structure of Bak or killing activity but reduces its affinity for Bcl-xL via loss of a single hydrogen bond. Using this mutant, we investigated the requirement for physical restraint of Bak by Bcl-xL in apoptotic regulation. In vitro, Bak(Q75L) cells were significantly more sensitive to various apoptotic stimuli. In vivo, loss of Bcl-xL binding to Bak led to significant defects in T-cell and blood platelet survival. Thus, we provide the first definitive in vivo evidence that prosurvival proteins maintain cellular viability by interacting with and inhibiting Bak.
Publisher
CSH Press
WEHI Research Division(s)
Molecular Genetics Of Cancer; Chemical Biology; Cell Signalling And Cell Death; Structural Biology
PubMed ID
27198225
ARC Grants
ARC/FT100100791,
Rights Notice
This article is distributed exclusively by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press for the first six months after the full-issue publication date (see http://genesdev.cshlp.org/site/misc/terms.xhtml). After six months, it is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International), as described at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.


Creation Date: 2016-06-15 12:27:25
Last Modified: 2017-06-14 11:32:18
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