RAG-induced DNA lesions activate proapoptotic BIM to suppress lymphomagenesis in p53-deficient mice
Publication Year 2016-09-19, Volume 213, Issue #10, Page 2039-48
Journal Title
J Exp Med
Publication Type
Journal Article
Neoplastic transformation is driven by oncogenic lesions that facilitate unrestrained cell expansion and resistance to antiproliferative signals. These oncogenic DNA lesions, acquired through errors in DNA replication, gene recombination, or extrinsically imposed damage, are thought to activate multiple tumor suppressive pathways, particularly apoptotic cell death. DNA damage induces apoptosis through well-described p53-mediated induction of PUMA and NOXA. However, loss of both these mediators (even together with defects in p53-mediated induction of cell cycle arrest and cell senescence) does not recapitulate the tumor susceptibility observed in p53(-/-) mice. Thus, potentially oncogenic DNA lesions are likely to also trigger apoptosis through additional, p53-independent processes. We found that loss of the BH3-only protein BIM accelerated lymphoma development in p53-deficient mice. This process was negated by concomitant loss of RAG1/2-mediated antigen receptor gene rearrangement. This demonstrates that BIM is critical for the induction of apoptosis caused by potentially oncogenic DNA lesions elicited by RAG1/2-induced gene rearrangement. Furthermore, this highlights the role of a BIM-mediated tumor suppressor pathway that acts in parallel to the p53 pathway and remains active even in the absence of wild-type p53 function, suggesting this may be exploited in the treatment of p53-deficient cancers.
Rockefeller Uni Press
WEHI Research Division(s)
Molecular Genetics Of Cancer
PubMed ID
NHMRC Grants
NHMRC/1016701 NHMRC/1020363 NHMRC/1049720
Rights Notice
Refer to copyright notice on published article.

Creation Date: 2016-10-04 09:29:23
Last Modified: 2017-08-21 08:31:52
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