Optimization of 2-Anilino 4-amino substituted Quinazolines into potent antimalarial agents with oral in vivo activity
- Gilson, PR; Tan, C; Jarman, KE; Lowes, KN; Curtis, JM; Nguyen, W; Di Rago, AE; Bullen, HE; Prinz, B; Duffy, S; Baell, JB; Hutton, CA; Jousset Subroux, H; Crabb, BS; Avery, VM; Cowman, AF; Sleebs, BE;
Publication Year 2017-02-09, Volume 60, Issue #3, Page 1171-1188
- Journal Title
- J Med Chem
- Publication Type
- Journal Article
- Novel antimalarial therapeutics that target multiple stages of the parasite lifecycle are urgently required to tackle the emerging problem of resistance with current drugs. Here, we describe the optimization of the 2-anilino quinazoline class as antimalarial agents. The class, identified from publicly available antimalarial screening data, was optimized to generate lead compounds that possess potent antimalarial activity against P. falciparum parasites comparable to the known antimalarials, chloroquine and mefloquine. During the optimization process, we defined the functionality necessary for activity and improved in vitro metabolism and solubility. The resultant lead compounds possess potent activity against a multidrug resistant strain of P. falciparum and arrest parasites at the ring phase of the asexual stage and also gametocytogensis. Finally, we show that the lead compounds are orally efficacious in a 4 day murine model of malaria disease burden.
- WEHI Research Division(s)
- Structural Biology; Systems Biology And Personalised Medicine; Infection And Immunity; Chemical Biology
- PubMed ID
- Publisher's Version
- NHMRC Grants
- Rights Notice
- Refer to copyright notice on published article.
Creation Date: 2017-04-06 09:27:46Last Modified: 2017-04-07 03:39:57