Risk factors for malaria and adverse birth outcomes in a prospective cohort of pregnant women resident in a high malaria transmission area of Papua New Guinea
Details
Publication Year 2015-05, Volume 109, Issue #5, Page 313-24
Journal Title
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight (LBW), anaemia and malaria are common in Papua New Guinean women. METHODS: To identify risk factors for LBW, anaemia and preterm delivery (PTD), pregnant women recruited into a cohort study in Madang, Papua New Guinea, were followed to delivery. RESULTS: Of 470 women enrolled, delivery data were available for 328 (69.7%). By microscopy, 34.4% (113/328) of women had malaria parasitaemia at enrolment and 12.5% (41/328) at delivery; at each time point, PCR detected sub-microscopic parasitaemia in substantially more. Most infections were with Plasmodium falciparum; the remainder being predominantly P. vivax. Anaemia and smoking were associated with lower birth weight, and LBW (16.7%; 51/305) and PTD (21.8%; 63/290) were common. Histopathologically diagnosed chronic placental malaria was associated with LBW (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.3; p=0.048) and PTD (aOR 4.2; p=0.01). Lack of maternal education predisposed to PTD. Sub-microscopic parasitaemia at delivery appeared to increase the risk of LBW. Of the genetic polymorphisms, Southeast Asian ovalocytosis, alpha(+)-thalassaemia and complement receptor 1 (CR1) deficiency, a CR1 heterozygous genotype was associated with decreased risk of anaemia and substantial but non-significant effects were noted in other comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: In coastal Papua New Guinea, malaria and anaemia are important causes of adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Publisher
OUP
WEHI Research Division(s)
Population Health And Immunity
PubMed ID
25758854
Rights Notice
Refer to copyright notice on published article.


Creation Date: 2015-05-20 10:11:26
Last Modified: 2019-04-01 09:01:55
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