Genes regulating membrane-associated E-cadherin and proliferation in adenomatous polyposis coli mutant colon cancer cells: High content siRNA screen
Details
Publication Year 2020, Volume 15, Issue #10, Page e0240746
Journal Title
PLoS One
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Truncating mutations in the tumour suppressor gene APC occur frequently in colorectal cancers and result in the deregulation of Wnt signalling as well as changes in cell-cell adhesion. Using quantitative imaging based on the detection of membrane-associated E-cadherin, we undertook a protein coding genome-wide siRNA screen to identify genes that regulate cell surface E-cadherin in the APC-defective colorectal cancer cell line SW480. We identified a diverse set of regulators of E-cadherin that offer new insights into the regulation of cell-cell adhesion, junction formation and genes that regulate proliferation or survival of SW480 cells. Among the genes whose depletion promotes membrane-associated E-cadherin, we identified ZEB1, the microRNA200 family, and proteins such as a ubiquitin ligase UBE2E3, CDK8, sorting nexin 27 (SNX27) and the matrix metalloproteinases, MMP14 and MMP19. The screen also identified 167 proteins required for maintaining E-cadherin at cell-cell adherens junctions, including known junctional proteins, CTNND1 and CTNNA1, as well as signalling enzymes, DUSP4 and MARK2, and transcription factors, TEAD3, RUNX2 and TRAM2. A better understanding of the post-translational regulation of E-cadherin provides new opportunities for restoring cell-cell adhesion in APC-defective cells.
Publisher
PLOS
WEHI Research Division(s)
Advanced Technology And Biology; Personalised Oncology
Open Access at Publisher's Site
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240746
Rights Notice
Refer to copyright notice on published article.


Creation Date: 2021-02-01 12:05:25
Last Modified: 2021-03-02 11:03:44
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