Loss of PUMA protects the ovarian reserve during DNA-damaging chemotherapy and preserves fertility
Details
Publication Year 2018-05-23, Volume 9, Issue #6, Page 618
Journal Title
Cell Death & Disease
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Female gametes are stored in the ovary in structures called primordial follicles, the supply of which is non-renewable. It is well established that DNA-damaging cancer treatments can deplete the ovarian reserve of primordial follicles, causing premature ovarian failure and infertility. The precise mechanisms underlying this chemotherapy-driven follicle loss are unclear, and this has limited the development of targeted ovarian-protective agents. To address this fundamental knowledge gap, we used gene deletion mouse models to examine the role of the DNA damage-induced pro-apoptotic protein, PUMA, and its transcriptional activator TAp63, in primordial follicle depletion caused by treatment with cyclophosphamide or cisplatin. Cyclophosphamide caused almost complete destruction of the primordial follicle pool in adult wild-type (WT) mice, and a significant destructive effect was also observed for cisplatin. In striking contrast, Puma(-/-) mice retained 100% of their primordial follicles following either genotoxic treatment. Furthermore, elimination of PUMA alone completely preserved fertility in cyclophosphamide-treated mice, indicating that oocytes rescued from DNA damage-induced death can repair themselves sufficiently to support reproductive function and offspring health. Primordial follicles were also protected in TAp63(-/-) mice following cisplatin treatment, but not cyclophosphamide, suggesting mechanistic differences in the induction of apoptosis and depletion of the ovarian reserve in response to these different chemotherapies. These studies identify PUMA as a crucial effector of apoptosis responsible for depletion of primordial follicles following exposure to cyclophosphamide or cisplatin, and this indicates that inhibition of PUMA may be an effective ovarian-protective strategy during cancer treatment in women.
Publisher
Springer Nature
WEHI Research Division(s)
Molecular Genetics Of Cancer; Stem Cells And Cancer
PubMed ID
29795269
Open Access at Publisher's Site
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41419-018-0633-7
Rights Notice
Refer to copyright notice on published article.


Creation Date: 2018-05-31 11:37:26
Last Modified: 2018-05-31 11:45:08
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