The influence of intravitreal ranibizumab on Iinflammation-associated cytokine concentrations in eyes with diabetic macular edema
Publication Year 2018-11-01, Volume 59, Issue #13, Page 5382-5390
Journal Title
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Publication Type
Journal Article
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of intravitreal ranibizumab injections on aqueous concentrations of angiogenic or inflammatory cytokines in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). Methods: Thirty eyes of 25 patients with center-involved DME were recruited to the study. All had a central macular thickness (CMT) of >300 mum and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) between 28 and 70 logMAR letters (Snellen equivalent 20/320-20/40). At baseline, all eyes had 0.1 mL of aqueous collected before ranibizumab treatment. At week 4, a second ranibizumab injection was administered and at week 8, aqueous sampling was repeated before a third ranibizumab injection. From week 12, all eyes were followed at 4-weekly intervals and the need for ranibizumab treatment was determined by BCVA and CMT measurements. Levels of 32 cytokines were assessed at baseline and at week 8 using a multiplex array assay. Results: Following two consecutive ranibizumab injections, there was a statistically significant reduction in VEGF (P < 0.00001), as well as IL-1beta (P = 0.00006), IL-7 (P = 0.00002), IL-8 (P = 0.00023), IL-10 (P < 0.00001), IL-12 (P < 0.00001), IL-17 (P = 0.00024), MCP-1 (P = 0.00023), and TNF-alpha (P < 0.00001). There was also an upregulation of soluble VEGF receptor-2 (P = 0.00004). A P < 0.0015 was considered significant in this study. Conclusions: Ranibizumab treatment influences various inflammatory cytokine concentrations in addition to reducing aqueous VEGF concentrations in patients with DME. This may contribute to its therapeutic effect in patients with DME.
WEHI Research Division(s)
Population Health And Immunity
PubMed ID
Open Access at Publisher's Site
NHMRC Grants
NHMRC/1128343 NHMRC/1109330
Rights Notice
Refer to copyright notice on published article.

Creation Date: 2018-12-18 02:54:29
Last Modified: 2018-12-18 04:16:26
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