Acquisition of the recurrent Gly101Val mutation in BCL2 confers resistance to venetoclax in patients with progressive chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Publication Year 2019-03,Volume 9,Issue #3,Page 342-353
Journal Title
Cancer Discovery
Publication Type
Journal Article
The BCL2 inhibitor, venetoclax, induces high rates of durable remission in patients with previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, despite continuous daily treatment, leukemia recurs in most patients. To investigate the mechanisms of secondary resistance, we analyzed paired pre-venetoclax and progression samples from 15 patients with CLL progression enrolled on venetoclax clinical trials. The novel Gly101Val mutation in BCL2 was identified at progression in seven patients, but not at study entry. It was first detectable after 19-42 months of therapy, and its emergence anticipated clinical disease progression by many months. Gly101Val reduces the affinity of BCL2 for venetoclax by ~180-fold in surface plasmon resonance assays, thereby preventing the drug from displacing pro-apoptotic mediators from BCL2 in cells and conferring acquired resistance in cell lines and primary patient cells. This mutation provides new insights into the pathobiology of venetoclax resistance and provides a potential biomarker of impending clinical relapse.
WEHI Research Division(s)
Cancer And Haematology; Molecular Genetics Of Cancer; Structural Biology
PubMed ID
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Creation Date: 2018-12-18 02:54:27
Last Modified: 2020-03-05 11:40:16
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