CLL cells are resistant to smac mimetics because of an inability to form a ripoptosome complex
Journal Title
CELL DEATH & DISEASE
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
In the lymph node (LN) environment, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells display increased NF-kappa B activity compared with peripheral blood CLL cells, which contributes to chemoresistance. Antagonists of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (cIAPs) can induce apoptosis in various cancer cells in a tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha)-dependent manner and are in preclinical development. Smac-mimetics promote degradation of cIAP1 and cIAP2, which results in TNFR-mediated apoptosis via formation of a ripoptosome complex, comprising RIPK1, Fas-associated protein with death domain, FLICE-like inhibitory protein and caspase-8. CD40 stimulation of CLL cells in vitro is used as a model to mimic the LN microenvironment and results in NF-kappa B activation and TNF alpha production. In this study, we investigated the response of CLL cells to smac-mimetics in the context of CD40 stimulation. We found that treatment with smac-mimetics results in cIAP1 and cIAP2 degradation, yet although TNF alpha is produced, this did not induce apoptosis. Despite the presence of all components, the ripoptosome complex did not form upon smac-mimetic treatment in CLL cells. Thus, CLL cells seem to possess aberrant upstream NF-kappa B regulation that prevents ripoptosome formation upon IAP degradation. Unraveling the exact molecular mechanisms of disturbed ripoptosome formation may offer novel targets for treatment in CLL.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Keywords
CLL, CD40, IAP, smac-mimetic, TNF
WEHI Research Division(s)
Cell Signalling And Cell Death
Rights Notice
© 2013 Associazione Differenziamento e Morte Cellulare Copyright © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/


Creation Date: 2013-08-01 12:00:00
Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00
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