Runx3 drives a CD8(+) T cell tissue residency program that is absent in CD4(+) T cells
Publication Year 2022-07-26,Volume 23,Issue #8,Page 1236-1245
Journal Title
Nature Immunology
Tissue-resident memory T cells (T(RM) cells) provide rapid and superior control of localized infections. While the transcription factor Runx3 is a critical regulator of CD8(+) T cell tissue residency, its expression is repressed in CD4(+) T cells. Here, we show that, as a direct consequence of this Runx3-deficiency, CD4(+) T(RM) cells lacked the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β-responsive transcriptional network that underpins the tissue residency of epithelial CD8(+) T(RM) cells. While CD4(+) T(RM) cell formation required Runx1, this, along with the modest expression of Runx3 in CD4(+) T(RM) cells, was insufficient to engage the TGF-β-driven residency program. Ectopic expression of Runx3 in CD4(+) T cells incited this TGF-β-transcriptional network to promote prolonged survival, decreased tissue egress, a microanatomical redistribution towards epithelial layers and enhanced effector functionality. Thus, our results reveal distinct programming of tissue residency in CD8(+) and CD4(+) T(RM) cell subsets that is attributable to divergent Runx3 activity.
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PubMed ID
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Creation Date: 2022-08-08 09:15:49
Last Modified: 2022-08-08 09:43:14
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