Somatic mosaic mutation gradient detected in trace brain tissue from stereo-EEG depth electrodes
Journal Title
Publication Type
epub ahead of print
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mosaic pathogenic variants restricted to brain are increasingly recognized as a cause of focal epilepsies. We aimed to identify a mosaic pathogenic variant and its anatomical gradient in brain DNA derived from trace tissue on explanted stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) electrodes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied a patient with non-lesional multifocal epilepsy undergoing pre-surgical evaluation with SEEG. Following explantation, electrodes were divided into 3 pools based on their brain location (right posterior quadrant, left posterior quadrant, hippocampus/temporal neocortex). Tissue from each pool was processed and DNA whole genome amplified prior to high-depth exome sequencing. Droplet digital PCR was performed to quantify mosaicism. Brain-specific GFAP protein assay enabled cell-of-origin analysis. RESULTS: We demonstrated a mosaic gradient for a novel pathogenic KCNT1 loss-of-function variant, c.530G>A, p.W177X, predicted to lead to nonsense-mediated decay. Strikingly, the mosaic gradient correlated strongly with the SEEG findings as the highest mutant allele fraction was in the right posterior quadrant, reflecting the most epileptogenic region on EEG studies. Elevated GFAP level indicated enrichment of brain-derived cells in SEEG cell suspension. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates proof-of-concept that mosaic gradients of pathogenic variants can be established using trace tissue from explanted SEEG electrodes.
American Academy of Neurology
Research Division(s)
Population Health And Immunity
PubMed ID
NHMRC Grants
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Creation Date: 2022-10-05 02:14:47
Last Modified: 2022-10-05 02:25:33
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