Plasma granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor levels in critical illness including sepsis and septic shock: Relation to disease severity, multiple organ dysfunction, and mortality
Details
Publication Year 2000-07, Volume 28, Issue #7, Page 2344-2354
Journal Title
CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Objective: To define the circulating levels of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte-macraphage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) during critical illness and to determine their relationship to the severity of illness as measured by the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, the development of multiple organ dysfunction, or mortality. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: University hospital intensive care unit. Patients: A total of 82 critically ill adult patients in four clinically defined groups, namely septic shock (n = 29), sepsis without shock (n = 17), shock without sepsis (n = 22), and nonseptic, nonshock controls (n = 14). Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: During day 1 of septic shock peak plasma levels of G-CSF, interleukin (IL)-6, and leukemia inhibitory factor (UF), but not GM-CSF, were greater than in sepsis or shock alone (p < .001), and were correlated among themselves (r(s) = 0.44-0.77; p < .02) and with the APACHE II score (r(s) = 0.25-0.40; p = .03 to .18). G-GSF, IL-6, and UF, and sepsis, shock, septic shock, and APACHE II scores were strongly associated with organ dysfunction or 5-day mortality by univariate analysis. However, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that only septic shock remained significantly associated with organ dysfunction and only APACHE II scores and shock with 5-day mortality. Similarly, peak G-CSF, IL-6, and UF were poorly predictive of 30-day mortality. Conclusions: Plasma levels of G-GSF, IL-6, and LIF are greatly elevated in critical illness, including septic shock, and are correlated with one another and with the severity of illness. However, they are not independently predictive of mortality, or the development of multiple organ dysfunction. GM-CSF was rarely elevated, suggesting different roles for G-GSF and GM-CSF in human septic shock.
Publisher
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Keywords
TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR; RESPIRATORY-DISTRESS-SYNDROME; BLOOD CYTOKINE CONCENTRATIONS; COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA; LEUKEMIA INHIBITORY FACTOR; PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL; ACUTE LUNG INJURY; INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE; LEVELS CORRELATE; DRUG-THERAPY
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Creation Date: 2000-07-01 12:00:00
Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00
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