Effects of excess GM-CSF levels on hematopoiesis and leukemia development in GM-CSF/max 41 double transgenic mice
Publication Year 1996-04-01, Volume 10, Issue #4, Page 713-719
- Journal Title
- Publication Type
- Journal Article
- Double transgenic mice were produced by mating granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) transgenic mice with max 41 transgenic mice that exhibit excess granulopoiesis and a predisposition to thymic lymphoma development. Although only two-thirds of the double transgenic mice had elevated circulating GM-CSF levels, double transgenic mice maintained significantly higher blood granulocytes and monocytes and more extreme granulopoietic hypercellularity in the marrow and spleen than max 41 transgenic mice. In double transgenic mice, early death occurred from the GM-CSF transgenic syndrome. Because of these early deaths, the incidence of thymic and generalized lymphomas was artificially lower than in max 41 mice but those lymphomas that did develop occurred earlier than in max 41 mice. While the excess GM-CSF levels in double transgenic mice stimulated increased granulocyte and monocyte formation and peritoneal dendritic cells were excessive, this failed to prevent the spontaneous development of T lymphomas, suggesting that dendritic cell-initiated suppression of tumor development may not be effective with this type of tumor.
- STOCKTON PRESS
- COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; DENDRITIC CELLS; GRANULOCYTE; MACROPHAGES; PERITONEAL; GENERATION; NUMBERS
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Creation Date: 1996-04-01 12:00:00Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00