Both T(H)1 and T(H)2 cytokine mRNAs are expressed in the NOD mouse pancreas in vivo
Details
Publication Year 1996, Volume 23, Issue #2, Page 99-110
Journal Title
AUTOIMMUNITY
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
In NOD mice, autoimmune recognition and destruction of pancreatic islet p-cells appear to be independently regulated: all mice develop cellular infiltration of the islets (insulitis), but not all develop diabetes. The destructive potential of the insulitis lesion may depend on the balance between the two CD4(+) T-cell subsets, T(H)1 and T(H)2, that mediate cellular-cytotoxic and humoral responses, respectively. With a semi-quantiative reverse transcriptase-PCR assay, we examined whether the disease process was reflected in the profiles of T(H)1 (IL-2, IFN-gamma and IL-12) and T(H)2 (IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10) cytokine mRNAs expressed in pancreata of NOD mice. Pancreata rather than isolated islets were examined to minimize manipulation ex vivo to preserve the expression of cytokine transcripts in vivo. At age 6 weeks, when 70% of mice had insulitis, all cytokine transcripts were detected in most pancreata, and their expression levels corresponded to the degree of insulitis. Similarly, during induction of diabetes with cyclophosphamide all transcripts were detected and levels corresponded with the degree of insulitis. In one-year-old mice without diabetes, all transcripts were detected but levels did not correspond to the degree of insulitis. Thus, in pancreata of NOD mice with different degrees of insulitis, we were unable to demonstrate, at the RNA level, polarisation of cytokine expression into either a T(H)1 or T(H)2 profile. This finding does not, however, exclude expression of distinct cytokine transcripts by immuno-inflammatory cells within the islet lesion, which might be revealed by in situ hybridization.
Publisher
HARWOOD ACAD PUBL GMBH
Keywords
POLYMERASE CHAIN-REACTION; BETA-CELL DESTRUCTION; CD4+ T-CELLS; DIABETES-MELLITUS; LYMPHOCYTES-T; MICE; CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE; LEISHMANIASIS; QUANTITATION; SUPPRESSION
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Creation Date: 1996-01-01 12:00:00
Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00
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