Ferric ions are essential for the biological activity of the hormone glycine-extended gastrin
Details
Publication Year 2002-12-13, Volume 277, Issue #50, Page 48602-48609
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Amidated and nonamidated gastrins elicit different biological effects via distinct receptors in different tissues. Amidated gastrin 17 stimulates gastric acid secretion and the development of gastric carcinoids, whereas glycine-extended gastrin 17 stimulates proliferation of the colonic mucosa and the development of colorectal cancers. Because glycine-extended gastrin 17 binds two ferric ions with high affinity (Baldwin, G. S., Curtain, C. C., and Sawyer, W. H. (2001) Biochemistry 40, 1074110746), we have investigated the identity of the iron ligands and the role of ferric ions in biological activity. Here we report the solution structure of glycine-extended gastrin 17, determined by NMR spectroscopy. The spectral changes observed upon the addition of ferric ions revealed that Glu(7) acted as a ligand at the first ferric binding site, and that Glu(8) and Glu(9) acted as ligands at the second ferric ion binding site. Fluorescence quenching experiments confirmed that a GglyE7A mutant bound only one ferric ion. The inability of this mutant to stimulate proliferation or migration in the IMGE-5 cell line and the observation that the iron chelator desferrioxamine selectively blocked the effects of glycine-extended gastrin 17 indicated that binding of a ferric ion to Glu(7) was essential for biological activity. This is the first report of an essential role for a metal ion in the action of a hormone.
Publisher
AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Keywords
3-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE; INSULIN HEXAMER; GROWTH-FACTOR; METAL-IONS; CELL-LINE; RECEPTOR; CHOLECYSTOKININ; EXPRESSION; PROLIFERATION; PROGASTRIN
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Creation Date: 2002-12-13 12:00:00
Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00
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