Functional comparison of DCs generated in vivo with Flt3 ligand or in vitro from blood monocytes: differential regulation of function by specific classes of physiologic stimuli
Details
Publication Year 2003-09-01, Volume 102, Issue #5, Page 1753-1763
Journal Title
BLOOD
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Dendritic cells (DCs) are a family of leukocytes that initiate T- and B-cell immunity against pathogens. Migration of antigen-loaded DCs from sites of infection into draining lymphoid tissues is fundamental to the priming of T-cell immune responses. In humans, the major peripheral blood DC (PBDC) types, CD1c(+) DCs and interleukin 3 receptor-positive (IL-3R(+)) plasmacytoid DCs, are significantly expanded in vivo with the use of Flt3 ligand (FL). DC-like cells can also be generated from monocyte precursors (MoDCs). A detailed comparison of the functional potential of these types of DCs (in an autologous setting) has yet to be reported. Here, we compared the functional capacity of FL-expanded CD1c(+) PBDCs with autologous MoDCs in response to 3 different classes of stimuli: (1) proinflammatory mediators, (2) soluble CD40 ligand trimer (CD40L), and (3) intact bacteria (Escherichia coli). Significant differences in functional capacities were found with respect to changes in phenotype, migratory capacity, cytokine secretion, and T-cell stimulation. MoDCs required specific stimuli for the expression of functions. They responded vigorously to CD40L or E coli, expressing cytokines known to regulate interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in T cells (IL-12p70, IL-18, and IL-23), but required prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)) during stimulation to migrate to chemokines. In contrast, PBDCs matured in response to minimal stimulation, rapidly acquired migratory function in the absence of PGE(2)-containIng stimuli, and were low cytokine producers. Interestingly, both types of DCs were equivalent with respect to stimulation of allogeneic T-cell proliferation and presentation of peptides to cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) lines. These distinct differences are of particular importance when considering the choice of DC types for clinical applications.
Publisher
AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY
Keywords
HUMAN DENDRITIC CELLS; HUMAN PERIPHERAL-BLOOD; CD34(+) PROGENITOR CELLS; TOLL-LIKE RECEPTORS; T-CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; CUTTING EDGE; COLON-CANCER; IFN-GAMMA; SUBSETS
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Creation Date: 2003-09-01 12:00:00
Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00
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