IFN-alpha enhances CD40 ligand-mediated activation of immature monocyte-derived dendritic cells
Details
Publication Year 2002-04, Volume 14, Issue #4, Page 367-380
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL IMMUNOLOGY
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Type I IFN are immune modulatory cytokines that are secreted during early stages of infection. Type I IFN bridge the innate and the adaptive immune system in humans and mice. We compared the capacity of type I and II IFN to induce the functional maturation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDC). Extending our earlier observation that type I IFN promote DC maturation, we report that these cytokines also enhance DC differentiation by augmenting CD40 ligand (CD40L)-induced cytokine secretion by MoDC. Type I IFN alone were poor inducers of MoDC maturation as compared with other stimuli. They up-regulated the expression of HLA-DR, CD80, CD86, partially CCR7 but not CD83, partially reduced antigen-uptake function, increased the levels of IL-12p35 mRNA, and prolonged surface expression of peptide-MHC class I complexes for presentation to cytotoxic T lymphocytes, but did not induce migration towards CCL21 chemokine. However, type I IFN were potent co-factors for CD40L-mediated function. Here, they enhanced CD40L-mediated IL-6, IL-10 and IL-12p70 secretion. Furthermore, when combined with IL-1beta and/or IL-4, IFN-alpha2a type I IFN increased CD40L-mediated IL-12p70 production by 2- to 3-fold, and biased the IL-12 p40/p70 ratio towards the IFN-gamma inducing p70 heterodimer, this correlating with higher levels of IFN-gamma secretion by allogeneic T cell subsets and NK cells. Our results suggest that the rapid expression of CD40L, IFN and IL-1beta at sites of infection and inflammation can act in concert on immature DC, thereby linking innate and adaptive immune responses. In this way, type I IFN play a dual role as DC maturation factors and enhancers of CD40L-mediated DC activation.
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Keywords
SMOOTH-MUSCLE CELLS; PROTEIN MESSENGER-RNA; HERPES-SIMPLEX VIRUS; HUMAN T-CELLS; INTERFERON-ALPHA; IN-VITRO; IL-12 PRODUCTION; MURINE MACROPHAGES; RECEPTOR COMPONENT; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS
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Creation Date: 2002-04-01 12:00:00
Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00
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