Evidence that a peptide spanning the B-C junction of proinsulin is an early autoantigen epitope in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes
Publication Year 2001-11-01, Volume 167, Issue #9, Page 4926-4935
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY
- Publication Type
- Journal Article
- The expression of pro(insulin) in the thymus may lead to the negative selection of pro(insulin) autoreactive T cells and peripheral tolerance to this autoantigen in type 1 diabetes (T1D). We investigated whether proinsulin is expressed in the thymus of young nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, whether T cells from naive NOD female mice at weaning are reactive to mouse proinsulin, and the role of proinsulin as a pathogenic autoantigen in T1D. Proinsulin II mRNA transcripts were detected in the thymus of 2-wk-old NOD mice at similar levels to other control strains. Despite this expression, proinsulin autoreactive T cells were detected in the periphery of 2- to 3-wk-old naive NOD mice. Peripheral T cells reactive to the insulin, glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65), GAD67, and islet cell Ag p69 autoantigens were also detected in these mice, indicating that NOD mice are not tolerant to any of these islet autoantigens at this young age. T cell reactivities to proinsulin and islet cell Ag p69 exceeded those to GAD67, and T cell reactivity to proinsulin in the spleen and pancreatic lymph nodes was directed mainly against a p24-33 epitope that spans the B chain/C peptide junction. Intraperitoneal immunization with proinsulin perinatally beginning at 18 days of age delayed the onset and reduced the incidence of T1D. However, s.c. immunization with proinsulin initiated at 5 wk of age accelerated diabetes in female NOD mice. Our findings support the notion that proinsulin p24-33 may be a primary autoantigen epitope in the pathogenesis of T1D in NOD mice.
- AMER ASSOC IMMUNOLOGISTS
- GLUTAMIC-ACID DECARBOXYLASE; T-CELL AUTOREACTIVITY; NOD MICE; DIFFERENTIAL EXPRESSION; TRANSGENIC MICE; DENDRITIC CELLS; HUMAN INSULIN; MOUSE; TOLERANCE; INDUCTION
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- Refer to copyright notice on published article.
Creation Date: 2001-11-01 12:00:00Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00