ROLE OF THE C-TERMINUS IN THE ACTIVITY, CONFORMATION, AND STABILITY OF INTERLEUKIN-6
Details
Publication Year 1993-09, Volume 2, Issue #9, Page 1472-1481
Journal Title
PROTEIN SCIENCE
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
Two murine interleukin-6 (mIL-6) variants were constructed using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), one lacking the last five residues (183-187) at the C-terminus (pMC5) and another with the last five residues of mIL-6 substituted by the corresponding residues of human IL-6 (pMC5H). The growth stimulatory activity of pMC5 on the mouse hybridoma cell line 7TD1 was <0.05% of mIL-6, whereas pMC5H and mIL-6 were equipotent. The loss of biological activity of pMC5 correlated with its negligible receptor binding affinity on 7TD1 cells, while the binding of pMC5H was comparable to that of mIL-6. Both pMC5 and pMC5H, like mIL-6, failed to interact with recombinant soluble human IL-6 receptor when assayed by surface plasmon resonance-based biosensor analysis. These studies suggest that the C-terminal seven amino acids of human IL-6, alone, do not define species specificity for receptor binding. A variety of biophysical techniques, as well as the binding of a conformational-specific monoclonal antibody, indicated that the global fold of the mIL-6 variants was similar to that of mIL-6, although small changes in the NMR spectra, particularly for pMC5, were observed. Some of these changes involved residues widely separated in the primary structure. For instance, interactions involving Tyr-22 were influenced by the C-terminal amino acids suggesting that the N- and C-termini of mIL-6 are in close proximity. Equilibrium unfolding experiments indicated that pMC5 was 0.8 kcal/mol less stable than mIL-6, whereas pMC5H was 1.4 kcal/mol more stable. These studies emphasize the structural importance of the C-terminal amino acids of IL-6 and suggest that truncation or mutation of this region could lead to small but significant alterations in other regions of the molecule.
Publisher
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Keywords
SURFACE-PLASMON RESONANCE; AMINO-ACID-SEQUENCE; RECOMBINANT MURINE INTERLEUKIN-6; BIOLOGICAL-ACTIVITY; HUMAN IL-6; MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES; SIGNAL TRANSDUCER; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE; RECEPTOR-BINDING; GROWTH-FACTOR
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Creation Date: 1993-09-01 12:00:00
Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00
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