Tissue hyperplasia and enhanced T-cell signalling via ZAP-70 in c-Cbl-deficient mice
Details
Publication Year 1998-08, Volume 18, Issue #8, Page 4872-4882
Journal Title
MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
The c-Cbl protein is tyrosine phosphorylated and forms complexes with a nide range of signalling partners in response to various growth factors. How c-Cbl interacts with proteins, such as Grb2, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and phosphorylated receptors, is well understood, but its role in these complexes is unclear. Recently, the Caenorhabditis elegans Cbl homolog, Sli-1, was shown to act as a negative regulator of epidermal growth factor receptor signalling. This finding forced a reassessment of the role of Cbl proteins and highlighted the desirability of testing genetically whether c-Cbl acts as a negative regulator of mammalian signalling, Here we investigate the role of c-Cbl in development and homeostasis in mice by targeted disruption of the c-Cbl locus. c-Cbl-deficient mice were viable, fertile, and outwardly normal in appearance. Bone development and remodelling also appeared normal in c-Cbl mutants, despite a previously reported requirement for c-Cbl in osteoclast function. However, consistent with a high level of expression of c-Cbl in the hemopoietic compartment, c-Cbl deficient mice displayed marked changes in their hemopoietic profiles, including altered T-cell receptor expression, lymphoid hyperplasia, and primary splenic extramedullary hemopoiesis. The mammary fat pads of mutant female mice also showed increased ductal density and branching compared to those of their mild-type littermates, indicating an unanticipated role for c-Cbl in regulating mammary growth. Collectively, the hyperplastic histological changes seen in c-Cbl mutant mice are indicative of a normal role for c-Cbl in negatively regulating signalling events that control cell growth, Consistent with this view, we observed greatly increased intracellular protein tyrosine phosphorylation in thymocytes following CD3 epsilon cross-linking. In particular, phosphorylation of ZAP-70 kinase in thymocytes was uncoupled from a requirement for CD4-mediated Lck activation. This study provides the first biochemical characterization of any organism that is deficient in a member of this unique protein family. Our findings demonstrate critical roles for c-Cbl in hemopoiesis and in controlling cellular proliferation and signalling by the Syk/ZAP-70 family of protein kinases.
Publisher
AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Keywords
EPIDERMAL GROWTH-FACTOR; MOUSE MAMMARY-GLAND; ANTIGEN RECEPTOR FUNCTION; TYROSINE PHOSPHORYLATION; PROTEIN PRODUCT; PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE; PROTOONCOGENE PRODUCT; LYMPHOCYTE DEVELOPMENT; DUCTAL MORPHOGENESIS; SIGNALING PATHWAYS
Rights Notice
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Creation Date: 1998-08-01 12:00:00
Last Modified: 0001-01-01 12:00:00
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