Combined loss of PUMA and p21 accelerates c-MYC-driven lymphoma development considerably less than loss of one allele of p53
Details
Publication Year 2015-12-07, Volume 35, Issue #29, Page 3866-3871
Journal Title
Oncogene
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
The tumor suppressor p53 is mutated in ~50% of human cancers. P53 is activated by a range of stimuli and regulates several cellular processes, including apoptotic cell death, cell cycle arrest, senescence and DNA repair. P53 induces apoptosis via transcriptional induction of the BH3-only proteins PUMA (p53-upregulated modulator of apoptosis) and NOXA, and cell cycle arrest via p21. Induction of these processes was proposed to be critical for p53-mediated tumor suppression. It is therefore surprising that mice lacking PUMA, NOXA and p21, as well as mice bearing mutations in p53 that impair the transcriptional activation of these genes, are not tumor prone, unlike mice lacking p53 function, which spontaneously develop tumors with 100% incidence. These p53 target genes and the processes they regulate may, however, impact differently on tumor development depending on the oncogenic drivers. For example, loss of PUMA enhances c-MYC-driven lymphoma development in mice, but, interestingly, the acceleration was less impressive compared with that caused by the loss of even a single p53 allele. Different studies have reported that loss of p21 can accelerate, delay or have no impact on tumorigenesis. In an attempt to resolve this controversy, we examined whether loss of p21-mediated cell cycle arrest cooperates with PUMA deficiency in accelerating lymphoma development in Emu-Myc mice (overexpressing c-MYC in B-lymphoid cells). We found that Emu-Myc mice lacking both p21 and PUMA (Emu-Myc;Puma-/-;p21-/-) developed lymphoma at a rate comparable to Emu-Myc;Puma-/- animals, notably with considerably longer latency than Emu-Myc;p53+/-mice. Loss of p21 had no impact on the numbers, cycling or survival of pre-leukemic Emu-Myc B-lymphoid cells, even when PUMA was lost concomitantly. These results demonstrate that even in the context of deregulated c-MYC expression, p53 must suppress tumor development by activating processes apart from, or in addition to, PUMA-mediated apoptosis and p21-induced cell cycle arrest.Oncogene advance online publication, 7 December 2015; doi:10.1038/onc.2015.457.
Publisher
NPG
WEHI Research Division(s)
Molecular Genetics Of Cancer
PubMed ID
26640149
NHMRC Grants
NHMRC/1016701 NHMRC/1020363
Rights Notice
Refer to copyright notice on published article.


Creation Date: 2015-12-10 11:27:51
Last Modified: 2016-10-13 02:29:59
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